「修行尺八」歴史的証拠の研究   ホームページ
      'Shugyō Shakuhachi' rekishi-teki shōko no kenkyū hōmupēji -

The "Ascetic Shakuhachi" Historical Evidence Research Web Pages

Introduction & Guide to the Documentation & Critical Study of Ascetic, Non-Dualistic Shakuhachi Culture, East & West:
Historical Chronology, Philology, Etymology, Vocabulary, Terminology, Concepts, Ideology, Iconology & Practices

By Torsten Mukuteki Olafsson • トーステン 無穴笛 オーラフソンデンマーク • Denmark


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The Early Komusō-related Texts
     - from c. 1628 or c. 1640? to c. 1750

To be presented in more detail and further commented on ...

The Old Capital: Kansai/Kyōto Area Related Texts:

          The New Capital: Kantō/Edo/Tōkyō Area Related Texts:

                     The Island Shikoku:

                                The Island Kyūshū:

Datable texts:

                     1628?: Possibly, a mysterious document from the Tosa Province.

Possibly created during the 1640s?:
Butsu-gen / Hotoke-goto(ba), "Buddha Words", or: "Buddhist Sayings"?
The "Fuke Sect", Fuke-shū, 普化宗, is not mentioned in the document.

          1646: Letter from the Rinzai Zen Abbot Isshi Bunshu/Monju
          (1608-1646) to a komusō named Sandō Mugetsu (no dates).
          The appellation Fuke-shū, 普化宗, is not
          mentioned in the letter.

1664: Music treatise about "strings & bamboo" by Nakamura Sōsan, Kyōto.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in the treatise.

          1677 (Enpō 5, 6th month): Reihō-ji document of order rules
          with 17 paragraphs.
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned in these order rules.

          1678, January 11 (Enpō 5, 12th month, 18th day): "Memorandum"
          with 3 paragraphs, apparently issued by the so called
          Jisha-bugyō, the shōgun's governmental Temples & Shrines
          Magistrates,addressed to Komusō shoha, 虚無僧諸派,
          "The Various Komusō Factions".
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned in this memorandum.

          1687: Reihō-ji 11 paragraph document: Document is signed
          Fuke Zen-shū sō-honji Reihō-ji. 普化禅宗 惣本寺 鈴法寺,
          "Reihō-ji, Mother Temple of The Entire Fuke Zen Sect".

1694: Myōan-ji document, the oldest reliable known.
Signed Komusō honji, 虚無僧本寺 京都虚霊山 明暗寺, Komusō
mother temple, Kyōto Kyorei-zan, Myōan-ji.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

1703 & 1705: Two formal documents regarding and confirming the Myōan-ji c/o Kōkoku-ji "mother-child" temple relationship.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

          1722: Reihō-ji ordinance.
          Fuke shūmon, 普化禅宗, is mentioned in the very first paragraph
          in the available reprint version.

          1731: Reihō-ji ordinance.
          Fuke shūmon is mentioned in the very first paragraph.

Probably created no later than a. 1700?:

Kyotaku denki, "Recorded Tradition of the Imitated Bell"
(in Kyotaku denki kokujikai, Kyōto, 1795).
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in the Kyotaku denki itself.

1735: Kyorei-zan engi narabi ni sankyorei-fu ben.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

1752 (not 1659!): A Myōan-ji document with 23 paragraphs.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

So far Undatable Text (as of March. 2017):
          As late as 1740? (acc. to Yamato Hōmei).
          Keichō no okitegaki (as late as 1740, or, in 1792?).
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

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