1474: Tōyō Eichō and Ikkyū Sōjun at the Inauguration
of the Partly Rebuilt Daitoku Temple, Kyōto
1474 - IKKYŪ SŌJUN is appointed ABBOT of DAITOKU-JI
明頭来 明頭打 - MYŌTŌ RAI - MYŌTŌ DA
暗頭来 暗頭打 - ANTŌ RAI - ANTŌ DA
Ikkyū Sōjun. Appointed abbot of Daitoku-ji in 1474.
Artist so far unidentified. 15th century.
"IN THE ABBOT'S QUARTERS -
'If a bright-head comes, strike the bright-head;
If a dark-head comes, strike the dark-head.
Whatever direction it comes from
Strike it like a whirlwind.
And if it comes from emptiness, cut it down with a scythe.'
'Hey, Mr. Abbot, dirtiest monk in the world,
Give me a Katsu!'
'No one came to ask after Hsiang-ju's thirst [katsu],
So he broke a plum branch and drank frozen dew,'
I struck back."
Inauguration poem recited by Ikkyū Sōjun when he took the seat
as abbot of the Daitoku-ji in Kyōto in 1474,
on the 16th day of the second lunar month (trad. calendar).
Preserved in the 'Kyōun-shū'.
Trsl. by James H. Sanford, 1981.
少林無孔笛 - SHŌRIN MUKUTEKI
Late 15th century: TŌYŌ EICHŌ & 'SHŌRIN MUKUTEKI'
Portrait of Tōyō Eichō, 1428-1504
Anonymous. Owned by Daisen-ji, Gifu Prefecture
Mukuteki mottomo fukigatashi.
"A Flute with No Holes is the most difficult to blow."
Trsl. by Torsten Olafsson.
Source: Hori, 2003, p. 72 & p. 252.
The renowned Zen monk of the Myōshin-ji line of Rinzai Zen Tōyō Eichō,
was among the first to collect socalled "capping phrases" for kōan study.
The above cited phrase is but one among numerous such capping phrases presented in the Zenrin kushū collection by Ijūshi (n.d.), published in 1688.
It remains so far undetermined whether that particular capping phrase may actually have been contained in Tōyō Eichō's capping phrase collection Kuzōshi
dating from the late 15th century.
In any case, Tōyō Eichō was the author of a most impressive literary work entitled Shōrin mukuteki, "The Shōrin Flute Without Holes",
which was, eventually, published in 1709 (Hōei 6) in 6 volumes, edited by Ueda Shōshin.
A copy of that work is preserved at the Komazawa University Library.
The term mukuteki does in fact appear in quite a number of old Chinese & Japanese Buddhist texts - link to the
SAT Daizōkyō Text Database
By the way, in Volume 1 of the Shōrin mukuteki, one finds a very interesting passage that mentions both Ikkyū Sōjun playing the shakuhachi - and: the grandeur of Priest Fuke whose Myō-An poem Ikkyū is known to have recited at the inauguration ceremony at Daitoku-ji in 1474.
Acc. to Tōyō Eichō, he actually witnessed Ikkyū Sōjun playing the (hitoyogiri?) shakuhachi in the Zen temple Daitoku-ji in Kyōto
on that very day, in late 1474, when Ikkyū entered the Abbot's Quarters of the temple to become its rebuilder and restorer.
Tōyō Eichō recorded as follows,
- - -
"In the not cold Winter,
after the offering ceremony held on the third Day of the Dog after the Winter solstice [12th month, 1474],
I saw Abbot Ikkyū as he entered beneath the sign board of
the Founder's Hall [of Daitoku Temple in Kyōto]
after its destruction [in the Ōnin War, 1467-1477].
- - -
Kyōun [Ikkyū's literary name] blew forth [the tune] Hōsanten, "Summit of the Treasure Mountain"."
Link to the full text in question:
Shōrin mukuteki, Chapter 1.
That particular passage is so far awaiting a complete, final and fulfilling translation and commentary.
The Zen temple Ryūkyōzan Shōrin-ji in Kakamigahara, Gifu Prefecture
Tōyō Eichō who founded the temple in 1493 (Meiō 2)
lies buried here. Meiji Period drawing
By the way, the term mukuteki also appears in a literary work entitled Shakuhachi mei narabi ni jo, date 1505,
"Shakuhachi Makers' Seals and Introduction", by the Rinzai Zen monk Kōrin (died 1536, Tenmon 5, 6th month, 14th day).
The text is reproduced in Nakatsuka, 1979, pp. 204-206.
1481 - IKKYŪ SŌJUN DIES
Tōyō Eichō, 1428-1504, is appointed jū-ji,
住持, or "chief administrator" of the Zen temple Daitoku-ji i Kyōto.
Source: Louis Frédéric, 2005, p. 170.