1653 to 1687: The Shōgunate Takes Legislative Measures
to Regulate & Control Society Including All Social Groups
Namely: Warrior/Samurai, Farmer, Craftsman, Merchant,
Religious, Imperial - and, not least: "Outcast"
In Hosaka Hiro'oki's important 1994 article, pp. 204-207*, he presents various information regarding a number of inquiries, measures and legislative initiatives directed towards suspicious social groups, pseudo-religious practitioners etc., like also the 'komusō' begging flute players.
The information covers the period from 1653 to 1687, including cases dating from the following years, chronologically:
1653, 1660-1668, 1662, 1665, 1665, 1668, 1672, 1674, (not 1677!) 1678, 1680, 1683, 1684 and 1687.
* Hosaka Hiro'oki: 'Jūshichi seiki ni okeru komusō no seisei: boroboro,
komosō to no idō to 'kou' kōi no arikata.'
Printed in: Mibunteki shūen.
Publ. by Buraku mondai kenkyō shuppan-bu,
pp. 204-207, Kyoto, 1994.
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