Shakuhachi



「禅尺八」現実研究   ホームページ

The "Zen Shakuhachi" Reality Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History, Ideology & Practices in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark

 



Introduction

About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions


Wikipedia: Inaccuracies & Misunderstandings
     regarding Komusō, Fuke-shū, Suizen etc.


Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

To be - or not to be: a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?


1549 ... The Catholic Christian Century
     and the Temple Patron Household System


Fuke Zenji, Komosō, the Catholic Invasion,
     Rōnin Samurai, Komusō and Kyōto Myōan-ji
     - a Factual & Unbiased Chronology


Ascetic Shakuhachi Ideology
     and the Realization of The Non-Dual
     - Highlighted Quotations


A Select Chronology of Ascetic Shakuhachi
     Ideology-related Names, Terms & Concepts



Highlighted Illustrations


Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama:

 •  India

 •  China

 •  Japan

 •  The West


The Source Collections

The Written Sources


Research Cases of Special Significance:

c. 1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1494 & 1501: Two Unique Muromachi Period
     Poetry Contest Picture Scrolls


1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise


The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources


1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū Story Book


1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Document

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis


The Early Komusō-related Texts
     - from c. 1640 to c. 1752



1640s?: The Butsu-gen Komusō Document

1646: Abbot Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi/Kakushin Legend


The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

1664: The Shichiku shoshinshū Music Treatise


The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules


1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month Komusō-ha Oboe
     Bakufu Memorandum of January 11th, 1678



1680s?: The Kyotaku Denki Tale:
     Shinchi Kakushin, Kichiku & Kyōto Myōan-ji



1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules



c. 1685-1690: The Yōshū fu-shi
     & Jinrin kinmō zu-i Myōan-ji Evidence


1694: Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Rules for his Komusō Disciples


1703 & 1705: The Kyōto Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji & Myōshin-ji Interrelationship



1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month,
     Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum


1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month, Ichigetsu-ji
     & Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum



1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and Early Honkyoku History


1735: Kyōto Myōan-ji Temple Chief Admin
     Kandō Ichiyū's Essay about Sankyorei-fu,
     the "Three Non-Dual Spirit Music Pieces"



1751: The Keichō no okitegaki Fabrication
     The Many Existing Different Versions



1752: Myōan-ji Restorer Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Fixed Rules for the Komusō



1795: The Kyotaku denki kokujikai Source Book


1812 - A Literary Curiosity: "Two Komusō"
     - a Shakuhachi-inspired Story Book



1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki Book

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō: Hitori mondō a.o.

1830: The Kiyū shōran Encyclopedia

1871: The Abolition of the Komusō Fraternity
     and of the Practice of Religious Begging


1950: The Myōan Temple of the True Fuke Sect
     is Opened at Tōfuku-ji in Kyōto



Noteworthy Early Post-Edo Period
     Source Examples - Commented Links:

c. 1875?: The Komusō zakki Source Collection

1892: Suzuki Jisuke alias Higuchi Taizan's
     Shakuhachi shian Study Book


1894-1912: The Gunsho ruijū Source Collection

1896-1914: The Koji ruien Source Collection

1902: Mikami Sanji's Critical Essay
     About Fuke-shū-related Matters


1915: The Shakuhachi dokushū annai
     Self-study Book


1918/1975: Kurihara Kōta's Investigations
     Into Shakuhachi History


1931-32: The Tokugawa kinreikō
     Prohibition Law Collection



1936-39 & 1979: The Legacy of Pioneer
     Shakuhachi Historian Nakatsuka Chikuzen



1899/1910 ... Translations of Source Texts
     in Western Shakuhachi-related Publications
     including the Internet/WWW



Literature

Links

Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info


The Japanese Source Collections

Where, possibly, do we locate, and how get access to the most reliable and trustworthy Japanese source materials, be they textual and pictorial?
That is the purpose of this webpage coming into being ...


3 essentially important general source collections:

Nakatsuka Chikuzen: Kinko-ryū shakuhachi shikan.
     Nihon Ongaku-sha, Tokyo, 1979.
Complete list of contents c/o Yatō Osamu's website


Koji ruien. Editorial board: Ruien kankōkai, Tokyo, 1896-1914.
     Reduced size reprint ed. by Jingū shichō, Tokyo, 1927-1930.
     Latest edition: Yoshikawa Kōbunkan, Tokyo, 1967-1971.

Link to the National Diet Library online general index of the Koji ruien source collection:
Koji ruien, all editions


Link to the sources quoted in Koji ruien, Vol. 9, Shūkyō-bu, "Section of Religion",
Part. 1, Ch. 15, pp. 1113-1146, PDF frames 572-589:
Fuke-shū

Link to the original 1880 edition of the Fuke-shū section in the Koji ruien - go to pp. 1113-1146, PDF frames 89-108


Link to the sources quoted in Koji ruien, Vol. 37, Gakubu-bu, "Section of Music & Dance",
Part 2, Ch. 32, pp. 999-1053, PDF frames 519-546:
Shakuhachi


Tokugawa kinrei-kō: "A Study of Tokugawa Prohibitions."

A very comprehensive collection of Tokugawa legal documents edited by Junsuke Kikuchi and published by Yoshikawa Kobun-kan, 1931-1932.

Book 5: Religious Matters, Maki 40: Temple Laws, pages: 106-116:
Fuke-shū, PDF Frames: 58-63.
"Fuke Sect" related documents - link to Book 5

Link to all editions (1890-1895 and 1931-1932) of the Tokugawa kinrei-kō c/o The National Diet Library, Tōkyō


Additional post-Edo Period publications with sources in reprint:

Inagaki Ihaku, Izui Seizan & Takahashi Ryochiku, editors:
      Myōan sanjūnana-sei Tanikita Muchiku shū.
      Taizan-fu shūi. Tanikita Renzō, Kyoto, 1981.

Kurihara Kōta: Shakuhachi shikō. Chikuyūsha, Tokyo, 1918, 1975.

Mori Hikotarō, editor: Shūhū yokō.
     Publ. by the Kōkoku-ji, Yura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, 1938, 1981.

Takeda Kyōson: Komusō: sei to zoku no igyōsha-tachi,
     Sanitsu Shobō, Tōkyō, 1997.

Tsukamoto Kyodō, editor: Kinko techō / Kyoreizan Myōan-ji bunken.
     Publ. by Komusō kenkyūkai, Hosshin-ji, Tokyo, 1999.

Ueno Katami: Shakuhachi no rekishi.
     Shimada Ongaku Shuppan, Tokyo, 3rd impr., 1984.

Ueno Katami: Shakuhachi no rekishi. Revised and expanded edition.
     Shuppan Geijutsu-sha, Tokyo, 2002.

Yamaguchi Masayoshi: Shakuhachi-shi gaisetsu.
     Shiryō to tomo ni tadoru shakuhachi no rekishi.
     Shuppan Geijutsu-sha, Tokyo, 2005.


Especially important original Japanese texts, listed alphabetically by title

Links to possible online version to be aded ...

Gunsho ruijū, Vol. 28. First published in 1733 by Hanawa Hokiichi.
     Zoku Gunsho ruijū Kankōkai, Tokyo, 1933.

Ikkan sensei no shakuhachi hikki, by Miyaji Ikkan, 1816.


Kiyū shōran. Comp. by Kitamura Nobuyo (1784-1856), first publ. in 1830.
     Reprint by Seikōkan Shuppanbu, Tokyo, 1933.

Kyotaku denki kokujikai, edited by Yamamoto Morihide, Kyoto, 1795.



Bibliographies in print:

Under preparation ...





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