Shakuhachi



禅尺八 真理研究 ホームページ

The Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History & Ideology in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark

 



Introduction

About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions

Highlighted Pictures

Highlighted Quotations

Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama:

 •  India

 •  China

 •  Japan

 •  The West


To be - or not to be:
     a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?


Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

The Source Collections

The Written Sources

1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise

The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources

1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Evidence

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis

1640s?: The Butsu-gen Evidence

1646: Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi Legend

The Early Komusō Texts

The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1664: Shichiku shoshinshū

1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance


1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month
     Komusō-ha Oboe Memorandum


1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance


1694: Engetsu's Honsoku deshi ...

c. 1700?: The Kyotaku Denki myth

1703 & 1705: The Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji Interrelationship


1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Memorandum


1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month
     Ichigetsu-ji & Reihō-ji Memorandum


1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and early 'honkyoku' history


1735: Myōan-ji's Kyorei-zan engi ...

1751: Keichō no okitegaki -
     Existing Reprint Versions


1752: Myōan Temple Restorer Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Fixed Rules for the House


1770: The Kurozawa Kinko Honkyoku Collection

1795: Kyotaku denki kokujikai

1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō

Literature

Links

Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info


1664: Shichiku shoshinshū by Nakamura Sōsan

糸竹初心集

こむ - KOMUSŌ no TE

Shichiku Shoshinshū: Komusō chapter. Copyright © by Waseda University, Tokyo

The Komusō chapter in Shichiku Shoshinshū,
1773 edition (An'ei 2), Part 1, page 6
Waseda University Library, Tokyo


虚無僧尺八というは
長さ一尺八寸に切ゆえ尺八というとぞ、
濫觴はたしかに不知、
そのかみ由良の法燈此道の祖たるよしいへども
了簡せず、
昔よりぼろぼろの家に用る物と聞こえたり、
梵字、漢字、色おし、 しら梵字などいひしもの
此尺八の執行者と聞こえたり。

近き此不人というこむ僧有て、
「ごろ」という手お吹出し、その外「れんぼながし」、
「京れんぼ」、「さむ也井川」、「吉田」
などいうさまざまの手有之、
いづれも律呂の調子にあはせたる物とは聞こえず、
されども我道にあらざれば、其深き事をしらず。


"The komusō shakuhachi is named 'shakuhachi' because its length has been cut to the measure of 1 foot and 8 inches.
Its origin is certainly unknown.
Although it is being said that Hottō of Yura [Shinchi Kakushin] was the founder [of the komusō], that I do not ascertain.
One hears that, since ancient times, this thing [the shakuhachi] was used by the 'boroboro' practitioners, and also that the socalled 'bonji', 'kanji', iro-oshi', and 'shira-bonji' were people who performed this shakuhachi ceremoniously.

There are nowadays some outcasts [Jap.: fu-nin, "non-persons"] who are called 'komusō'; they are blowing a piece of music named 'Goro' - besides there are other tunes such as 'Renbo Nagashi', 'Miyako Renbo', 'Samunaru Ikawa', and 'Yoshida'.
One does not hear any of these pieces being played in the 'ritsu' [Dorian] or the 'ryō' [Mixolydian] musical modes.
As this, however, is not the tradition of my own, I do not know about this matter in depth."

     Written and published by Nakamura Sōsan, 1664.
     Trsl. by Torsten Olafsson, 2010.
     Sources: Ueno, 1983, pp. 204 & 280, and
     Shichiku Shoshinshū, 1773 edition,
     Part 1, p. 6, owned by Waseda University, Tokyo.

     This is, to the best of my knowledge, the oldest extant text
     in which names of komusō music pieces are recorded.

     An old copy of the Shichiku Shoshinshū is preserved
     at Waseda University, Tokyo.
     Follow this link to study a full photographic documentation
     (PDF, 15,8 MB) of the book: Shichiku Shoshinshū.
     Go to PDF page 5, right side, to study the komusō chapter.
     Link to Shichiku Shoshinshū, bibliographical details.
     Copyright restricted © by Waseda University, Tokyo.





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