Shakuhachi



禅尺八 真理研究 ホームページ

The Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History & Ideology in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark

 



Introduction

About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions

Highlighted Pictures

Highlighted Quotations

Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama:

 •  India

 •  China

 •  Japan

 •  The West


To be - or not to be:
     a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?


Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

The Source Collections

The Written Sources

1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise

The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources

1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Evidence

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis

1640s?: The Butsu-gen Evidence

1646: Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi Legend

The Early Komusō Texts

The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1664: Shichiku shoshinshū

1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance


1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month
     Komusō-ha Oboe Memorandum


1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance


1694: Engetsu's Honsoku deshi ...

c. 1700?: The Kyotaku Denki myth

1703 & 1705: The Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji Interrelationship


1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Memorandum


1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month
     Ichigetsu-ji & Reihō-ji Memorandum


1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and early 'honkyoku' history


1735: Myōan-ji's Kyorei-zan engi ...

1751: Keichō no okitegaki -
     Existing Reprint Versions


1752: Myōan Temple Restorer Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Fixed Rules for the House


1770: The Kurozawa Kinko Honkyoku Collection

1795: Kyotaku denki kokujikai

1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō

Literature

Links

Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info


1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki and early 'honkyoku', 本曲, history

This important document contains a list of 34 shakuhachi music piece titles, the earliest known of its kind.

尺八伝来記 - Shakuhachi denrai-ki

"Record of the Origin of the Shakuhachi".

Dated Kyōhō 17 - 1732 in the document itself.

Name of alleged author, given in the middle of the text, between the introduction and the list of music titles:
Fusō Sanjin Kakushin, 扶桑散人覚心, The Japanese "Useless" Kakushin.

According to the shakuhachi comprehensive website shakuhachi-genkai.comedited and webmastered by Katurayama Genkai, the 'Shakuhachi denrai-ki' was related with and possibly produced by the "twin temples" Reihō-ji and Ichigetsu-ji in Edo.

Complete text reproduced in 'Komusō zakki', 虚無僧雑記, compiled by the scholar and writer Kodera Gyokuchō, 小寺玉晁, 1800-1878.

Kodera Gyokuchō compiled the 'Komusō zakki' during the second month of the year 1843 (Tenpō 14), but the exact date of publication is so far unclear.

Only recently, a reprint of the book was published by the bookstore Mytown in Nagoya, Japan

The shakuhachi music piece title list is reprinted in Nakatsuka 1979, pp. 548-549.


List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the 'Shakuhachi denraiki'.
Source: Nakatsuka 1979, pp. 548-549.


List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki



The complete 'Shakuhachi denrai-ki' as reproduced in a reprint of the 'Komusō zakki', published by the bookstore Mytown in Nagoya, Japan

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the Shakuhachi denraiki

List of 34 early shakuhachi honkyoku in the 'Shakuhachi denraiki'.
Source: 'Komusō zakki', 虚無僧雑記, possibly quite late Edo Period.


PRELIMINARY TRANSLATION of the MUSIC PIECE TITLES as of March, 2018

'Mukaiji', 'Kokū' & 'Kyorei' are, of course well known 'honkyoku' titles - where as 'Sugo[mori]' could be 'Tsuru no sugomori', although we shall never know for sure.

All the remaining titles are really obscure - difficult to translate and make much sense of today. We have no idea of ascertaining whether the music represented with these titles ever exsited?

Do note that 'kana' characters appearing in brackets are reading suggestions offered by Katurayama Genkai on the above mentioned shakuhachi-genkai.com webpage.

  1: 霧海箎
      Mukaiji - Flute of the Misty Sea

  2: 虚空
      Kokū - Non-dual Space (lit.: Empty Sky)

  3: 虚霊
      Kyorei - Non-dual Spirit (lit.: Empty Spirit)

  4: 巣籠
      Sugo[mori] - Nesting; Resting in the Nest

  5: 律虚霊
      Ritsu Kyorei - Ritsu Scale Kyorei

  6: 鈴虚空
      Rin/Rei Kokū - Bell of Non-dual Space


'Kyorei' pieces, "Non-dual Spirit pieces":

  7: 雲響虚霊
      Unkyō Kyorei - Sound of the Cloud(s) Kyorei

  8: 窪訓虚霊
      A-kin/A-kun Kyorei - Reading/Explaining The Hollow (Non-duality),
      or the sound/letter 'A' Kyorei

  9: 聲廣(声広) 虚霊
      Shōkō/Seikō Kyorei - Spreading out of the Voice Kyorei

10: 葭岡虚霊
      Kakō Kyorei - Reed Hill Kyorei, or Yoshioka Kyorei (place name?)

11: 遏雲虚霊(アツウン)
      Atsu-un Kyorei - Stop the Cloud Kyorei

12: 虹啜虚霊(コウセツ、コウテツ)
      Kō-setsu Kyorei - Sipping the Rainbow Kyorei

13: 翰敬虚霊(カンケイ、ガンキョウ)
      Kankei/Kankyō Kyorei - Writing Brush Reverence Kyorei

14: 落梅虚霊(ラクバイ)
      Raku-bai Kyorei - Fallen Plum Blossom Kyorei

15: 緩端虚霊(カンタン)
      Kantan Kyorei - "Moderate Origin" Kyorei?

16: 遶梁虚霊(ジョウリョウ)
      Jōryō Kyorei - "Surrounding the Bridge Beam" Kyorei?


'Renbo' pieces, "Love and Affection" pieces:

17: 意律戀慕(恋慕)
      I-ritsu Renbo - Thought+Rule Renbo

18: 武田戀慕(恋慕)
      Takeda Renbo - Takeda Renbo

19: 風情戀慕(恋慕)
      Fūjō Renbo - Elegance Renbo

20: 鳴渡戀慕(恋慕)
      Mei-to Renbo - Chirp Delivery Renbo

21: 善也戀慕(恋慕)
      Zen-ya Renbo - Zen-ya Renbo

22: 和霧戀慕(恋慕)
      Wa-mu Renbo - Peaceful Mist Renbo

23: 吟静戀慕(恋慕)
      Ginsei Renbo - Recital Stillness Renbo

24: 縅朧戀慕(恋慕)(イロウ)
      I-rō Renbo - "Frightening Haziness"? Renbo

25: 調音戀慕(恋慕)
      Chō-on Renbo - Pitch+Sound Renbo

26: 諍達戀慕(恋慕)(静達、ショウタツ?)
      Shōtatsu Renbo - "Dispute+Friend" Renbo or "Stillness+Friend" Renbo

27: 了祖戀慕(恋慕)
      Ryō-so Renbo - Understanding+Forefather Renbo

28: 志道戀慕(恋慕)
      Shidō Renbo - The Way of Intention Renbo

29: 情緩戀慕(恋慕)(ジョウカン)
      Jōkan Renbo - Moderation of Compassion Renbo

30: 得秀戀慕(恋慕)
      U-jū Renbo - Acquire Superlativeness Renbo

31: 遊戯戀慕(恋慕)
      Yūgi Renbo - Game/Sports Renbo

32: 總譜(総譜)戀慕(恋慕)(ソウフ、スフ)
      Sōfu/Sofu Renbo - "Collected Music"? Renbo


33: 薄暮盤濤(盤涛)
      Haku-bo Bantō - Twilight Dish+Wave

34: 霊法流
      Reihō/Reipō Ryū/Nagare - Spirit Law Manner,
      i.e. "In the Manner of the Spirit Dharma"?



To the front page To the top