Shakuhachi



「禅尺八」現実研究   ホームページ

The "Zen Shakuhachi" Reality Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History, Ideology & Practices in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark

 



Introduction

About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions


The Amazing Fuke Zenji / Fuke Shakuhachi /
     Fuke-shū History Fabrication Scam



To be - or not to be: a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?


Highlighted Illustrations


Wikipedia: Inaccuracies & Misunderstandings
     regarding Komusō, Fuke-shū, Suizen etc.


Miscell. Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends


1549 ... The Catholic Christian Century
     and the Temple Patron Household System


Fuke Zenji, Komosō, the Catholic Invasion,
     Rōnin Samurai, Komusō and Kyōto Myōan-ji
     - a Factual & Unbiased Chronology


Ascetic Shakuhachi Ideology
     and the Realization of The Non-Dual
     - Highlighted Quotations


Chronology of Ascetic Shakuhachi
     Ideology-related Terms, Concepts & Names



Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama:

 •  India

 •  China

 •  Japan

 •  The West


The Source Collections

The Written Sources


Research Cases of Special Significance and Interest:

c. 1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1494 & 1501: Two Unique Muromachi Period
     Poetry Contest Picture Scrolls


1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise


The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources


1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū Story Book


1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Document

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis


The Early Komusō-related Texts
     - from c. 1640 to c. 1752



1640s?: The Butsu-gen Komusō Document

1646: Abbot Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi/Kakushin Legend


The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

1664: The Shichiku shoshinshū Music Treatise

1680s?: The Kyotaku Denki Tale:
     Shinchi Kakushin, Kichiku & Kyōto Myōan-ji



The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules


1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month Komusō-ha Oboe
     Bakufu Memorandum of January 11th, 1678


1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules



c. 1685-1690: The Yōshū fu-shi
     & Jinrin kinmō zu-i Myōan-ji Evidence


1694: Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Rules for his Komusō Disciples


1703 & 1705: The Kyōto Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji & Myōshin-ji Interrelationship



1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month,
     Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum


1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month, Ichigetsu-ji
     & Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum



1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and Early Honkyoku History


1735: Kyōto Myōan-ji Temple Chief Admin
     Kandō Ichiyū's Essay about Sankyorei-fu,
     the "Three Non-Dual ("Empty")
     Spirit Music Pieces"



1751: The Keichō no okitegaki Fabrication
     The Many Existing Different Versions



1752: Myōan-ji Restorer Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Fixed Rules for the Komusō



1795: The Kyotaku denki kokujikai Source Book

1795 & 1816: Two Original Komusō
     "Fuke Temple" Lists



1812 - A Literary Curiosity: "Two Komusō"
     - a Shakuhachi-inspired Story Book



1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki Book

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō: Hitori mondō a.o.

1830: The Kiyū shōran Encyclopedia

1848: The Fuke Monk Affair Government
     Proclamation


1871: The Abolition of the Komusō Fraternity
     and of the Practice of Religious Begging


1950: The Myōan Temple of the True Fuke Sect
     Inauguration at Tōfuku Temple in Kyōto



Noteworthy Early Post-Edo Period
     Source Examples - Commented Links:

1871 (1843-44): The Komusō zakki
     Source Collection


1890-1895 & 1930-1932: The Tokugawa kinrei-kō
     Prohibition Law Source Collection


1892: Suzuki Jisuke a.k.a. Higuchi Taizan's
     Shakuhachi shian Study Book


1894-1912: The Gunsho ruijū Source Collection

1896-1914 & 1967-1971: The Koji ruien
     Source Collection


1902: Mikami Sanji's Critical Essay
     About "Fuke Sect"-related Matters


1915: The Shakuhachi dokushū annai
     Self-study Book


1918 & 1975: Kurihara Kōta's Investigations
     Into Shakuhachi History



1936-39 & 1979: The Legacy of Pioneer
     Shakuhachi Historian Nakatsuka Chikuzen



1899 till today: Translations of Source Texts
     in Western Shakuhachi-related Publications
     including the Internet/WWW



Literature

Links

Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info


Links

Cordial thanks to Kishi Kiyokazu, 貴志清一, Japan,
for contributing to the editing of this webpage.


More links to be added ...

SOCIETIES

Tai Hei Shakuhachi - USA: shakuhachi.com

The International Shakuhachi Society - USA: komuso.com

The European Shakuhachi Society: shakuhachisociety.eu

The ESS Shakuhachi Forum: shakuhachiforum.eu

Het Nederlands Shakuhachi Genootschap KAITO
(The Dutch Shakuhachi Society): shakuhachi.nl

Die Shakuhachi Gesellschaft Schweiz
(The Swiss Shakuhachi Society): chikuyusha.ch

The Australian Shakuhachi Society: shakuhachi.org.au


INFORMATION WEBSITES

Online libraries, dictionaries & text databases:

Buddhist Infomatics

CBETA China Electronic Buddhist Association

CBETA The Taishō Tripitaka (Buddhist Text Collection)

Digital Dictionary of Buddhism

IRIZ - International Research Institute for Zen Buddhism
Hanazono University, Kyōto


Kotenseki Sogo Database c/o Waseda University, Tōkyō: Japanese & Chinese Classics

National Archives of Japan/Kokuritsu Kōbun Shokan: Digital Archive

The National Diet Library/Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan: Digital Collections

Digital Library & Museum of Buddhist Studies
National Taiwan University


Sacred Texts: Zen Buddhism


The SAT Daizōkyō Text Database - University of Tōkyō

Spokensanskrit.org Dictionary


Research institutions & organizations:

Chikuyūsha

Komusō Kenkyūkai, Hosshin-ji, Tōkyō

Hōgaku Journal


Selected Ascetic Shakuhachi Study Centers in Japan:

Kyōto Myōan-ji / Myōan Dōshūkai

Hakata Itchō-ken, Kyūshū


In JAPAN

Individual, independent researchers, historians, authors & bloggers:

飯田峡嶺

Iida Kyorei c/o Koshū-an website

Iida Kyorei website, list of sources

Iida Kyorei weblog


柿崎鐘輔

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website - A comprehensive Edo Period chronology a.o.

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website - Index/menu of specially selected subjects 1-2

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website - Index/menu of specially selected subjects 3-4


貴志清一: 尺八吹奏研究会HP

Kishi Kiyokazu's Shakuhachi Performance Research Society HomePage


葛山幻海

Katurayama Genkai's (a.k.a. Genkai Katurayama) website


前川耕月

Maekawa Kōgetsu's weblog: Jinashi shakuhachi ni yoru koten honkyoku


牧原一路

Makihara Ichiro website: Kyūkō-ryū shakuhachi to komusō

Makihara Ichiro weblog: Heisei no komusō Ichiro no nikki
- on the de facto original non-existence of the Fuke-shū


Makihara Ichiro weblog: Heisei no komusō Ichiro no nikki
- on how and why the Kyōto Myōan-ji became a subtemple of the Kōkoku-ji in Yura


Makihara Ichiro weblog: Shakuhachi to Ikkyū-gatari no komusō Ichiro
- on the de facto original non-existence of the Fuke-shū


Makihara Ichiro on FaceBook


みそたねくん:孤舟庵

Misotanekun's Koshū-an website

Misotanekun's Koshū-an website: Shakuhachi books/readings in Japanese


山口籟盟

Yamaguchi Raimei's website

Yamaguchi Raimei on FaceBook


山戸朋盟

Yamato Hōmei's website

Yamato Hōmei
- on the actual, de facto creation of the Keichō no okitegaki document as late as in 1751?


Yamato Hōmei on FaceBook


矢頭治

Yatō Osamu Take no Kaze-in website

Yatō Osamu website - list of relevant book titles

Yatō Osamu's weblog - relevant books

Yatō Osamu's weblog - another relevant book


OUTSIDE of JAPAN


More and more Westerners treat the subject of Suizen, Shakuhachi Zen, Fuke Shakuhachi and Komusō etc. in public writing - however only a small minority of them are actually experienced readers of the Japanese language, be that modern as well as classical ...

Carl Abbott

Oliver Aumann

Nancy Beckman

Mary Lu Brandwein

Christopher Yohmei Blasdel

Ray Brooks

Kiku Day

David Erath Jr.

Dean Saicho Del Bene

Bruno Deschénes

David J. Duncavage

Christian Grobmeier

Philip Suimei Horan

Jon Kypros

Riley Kelly Lee

Monty H. Levenson

Gunnar Jinmei Linder

Elliott Long

Hans van Loon

Vladislav Matoušek

John Kaizan Neptune

Anders Nordin

Alcvin Ryuzen Ramos

Ono Razan

Stan Richardson

Daniel Paul Schnee

Norman Yūshin Stanfield

Patrick Urban

José Vargas

Justin Senryu Williams

Perry Yung




To the front page To the top

Japanese maple leaves

Momiji