Shakuhachi



「禅尺八」現実研究   ホームページ

The "Zen Shakuhachi" Reality Research Web Pages

An Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi Historical Chronology,
Terminology & Etymology of Concepts, Ideology, Iconology & Practices in Particular


By Torsten Mukuteki Olafsson • トーステン 無穴笛 オーラフソンデンマーク • Denmark

 



Introduction

Sitemap - All Menu Items List

Newly Added Extra Web Page Menus


About this Research Project

Preliminary Realizations & Conclusions


The Chinese Ch'an Monk P'u-k'o, the Komosō Beggars
     & the Imperialistic Catholic Christian Intruders
     - the Rōnin Samurai, the Fuke-Komosō, the Komusō
     & the Kyōto Myōan Temple - an Unbiased Narrative


The Amazing Fuke Zenji / Fuke Shakuhachi /
     Fuke-shū Legend Fabrication Hoax


To be - or not to be: a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?


Highlighted Illustrations


1549 ... The Catholic Christian Century in Japan
     & the Temple Patron Household System


Ascetic Shakuhachi Ideology
     and the Realization of The Non-Dual
     - Highlighted Quotations


Chronology of Ascetic Shakuhachi
     Ideology-related Terms, Concepts & Names


Various Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

Wikipedia: Inaccuracies & Misunderstandings
     about 'Komusō', 'Fuke-shū', 'Suizen' et cetera



The Source Collections

The Japanese Written Sources - An Overview






Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama



 •  INDIA - 1 web page

 •  CHINA - 2 web pages

 •  JAPAN - 8 web pages

 •  The WEST - 1 web page






Research Cases of Particular Significance,
     Real Importance & Special Concern



ERA of the KOMOSŌ - The "Mat Monks"

     c. 1450 to c. 1550



1470s?: The Dance-kyōgen Play Rakuami

1474: Tōyō Eichō and Ikkyū Sōjun at the
     Inauguration of the Rebuilt Daitoku Temple, Kyōto


1494 & 1501: Two Enchanting Muromachi Period
     Poetry Contest Picture Scrolls


1512: The Taigenshō Court Music Treatise






ERA of the FUKE-SŌ / FUKE-KOMOSŌ

     c. 1550 to c. 1628?



The Komosō & Fuke-sō / Fuke-komosō Sources


1550-1560: The Early Setsuyō-shū Dictionaries


1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū Short Story Book:
     The Fuke-komosō in Hachiō-ji, West of Edo City


1621-1625: The Neo-Confucian Scholar Hayashi Razan
     on the Shakuhachi, Komosō and Related Matters


1623: Anrakuan Sakuden's Encounter
     with a Wandering Fuke-komosō


1627-1629: Takuan Sōhō, the Purple Robe Affair, the
     Concept of 'Mu-shin Mu-nen' and the Myōan sōsō-shū


1628: The Kaidō honsoku Fuke-komosō Credo






ERA of the KOMUSŌ
     "Monks of the Non-Dual & None-ness"

     c. 1628? to 1871



The Early Komusō-related Texts
     - from c. 1628? to c. 1750



1628?: A "Fuke Shakuhachi" related Murder Case
     in the Province of Tosa on the Island of Shikoku?


1637-1640: The Shimabara Uprising on Kyūshū,
     the National "Sects Inspection Bureau", and the
     Efficient Extinction of Catholic Christian Believers


c. 1640?: The Kaidō honsoku "Version 2" Copy

1640?: Is a Very Early "Komusō Temple" built
     in Nagasaki on the Island of Kyūshū?


c. 1640?: The Strange Butsu-gen Komusō Document

1646: Abbot Isshi Bunshu's Letter to a
     "Proto-Komusō" named Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi / Kakushin Legend:
     "The Four Buddhist Laymen" & the "disciple" Kichiku


1650s?: The Kaidō honsoku "Version 3" Copy


The Kyōto/Kansai Sources


1659?: A Falsely Dated Myōan-ji Document Revealed

1664: The Shichiku shoshinshū Music Treatise

c, 1665-1675?: The Kyotaku denki Fairy Tale:
     Shinchi Kakushin, Kichiku & Kyōto Myōan-ji



The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources


1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules


1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month Komusō-ha Oboe
     Bakufu Memorandum of January 11th, 1678


1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules



c. 1685-1690: The Yōshū fu-shi
     & Jinrin kinmō zu-i - Evidence of Kyōto Myōan-ji


1694: Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Rules for his Komusō Disciples


1703 & 1705: The Kyōto Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji & Myōshin-ji Interrelationship



1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month,
     Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum


1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month, Ichigetsu-ji
     & Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum



1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and Early 'Honkyoku' History



1735: Kyōto Myōan-ji Temple Chief Administrator
     Kandō Ichiyū's Letter about 'Sankyorei-fu',
     the "Three Non-Dual Spirit Music Pieces"



1751: The Keichō 19/1614 Komusō Certificate
     The Many Different All Fabricated Versions



1752: Kyōto Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu
     Ryōgen's 23 Fixed Rules for the Komusō



1795: The Kyotaku denki kokujikai Source Book


1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki Book

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō a.o. texts


The Kiyū shōran Encyclopedia
     on 'Komosō' & 'Shakuhachi'







Post-Edo & Post-WW2 Period History Sources & Matters
     The Re-Writing & Re-Falsification
     of "Fuke Shakuhachi" Narratives



1 - MEIJI PERIOD till the mid-20th CENTURY

     1868-1945



1871? (1843-44): The Komusō zakki
     Source Collection



From 1879 ... 1896-1914:
     The Koji ruien Historical Encyclopedia



1890: Higuchi Taizan - Teaching, the "Myōan Society",
     and the Taizan-ha Tradition of Shakuhachi Asceticism



1902: Mikami Sanji's Critical Article
     'Fuke-shū ni tsuite', "About the Fuke Sect"


Early 20th Century Historians & Musicians, Japan:
     Kurihara Kōta, Uramoto Setchō,
     Nakatsuka Chikuzen, Tanikita Mujiku,
     Tomimori Kyozan, Ikeda Jūzan a.o.



1931-1932: Tokugawa kinreikō - A Source Collection
     of Tokugawa Period Prohibition Laws







2 - POST-WW2 till TODAY: JAPAN

     1945 ...



1950: "The Myōan Temple of the True Fuke Sect"
     Inauguration at Tōfuku Temple in SE Kyōto


1950s: Yasuda Tenzan, Hirazumi Taizan & 'Suizen'

1960: Uramoto Setchō's Essay about
     'Gyō no ongaku': "Music of Asceticism"



Shakuhachi Historianship in Japan Today?:
     The "Traditionalists" and the "Truth Tellers"



The Legacy of the Late Myōan Taizan-ha Teachers
     Yoshimura Fuan Sōshin & Ozawa Seizan







3 - POST-WW2 till TODAY: The WEST

     1945 ...



1945 ... : Some Early Post-WW2 Shakuhachi Narratives
     Written and Published in Western Languages


Translations of Shakuhachi Source Texts
     published in the West / Outside of Japan
     including the Internet / WWW
      - The Translators







Literature / References

Links

Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info


Links to Sources Online


SOCIETIES

Tai Hei Shakuhachi - USA: shakuhachi.com

The International Shakuhachi Society - USA: komuso.com

The European Shakuhachi Society: shakuhachisociety.eu

The ESS Shakuhachi Forum: shakuhachiforum.eu

Het Nederlands Shakuhachi Genootschap KAITO
(The Dutch Shakuhachi Society): shakuhachi.nl

Die Shakuhachi Gesellschaft Schweiz
(The Swiss Shakuhachi Society): chikuyusha.ch

The Australian Shakuhachi Society: shakuhachi.org.au


INFORMATION WEBSITES

Online libraries, dictionaries & text databases:

Buddhist Informatics

CBETA China Electronic Buddhist Association

CBETA The Taishō Tripitaka (Buddhist Text Collection)

Digital Dictionary of Buddhism

IRIZ - International Research Institute for Zen Buddhism
Hanazono University, Kyōto


Kotenseki Sogo Database c/o Waseda University, Tōkyō: Japanese & Chinese Classics

National Archives of Japan/Kokuritsu Kōbun Shokan: Digital Archive

The National Diet Library/Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan: Digital Collections

Digital Library & Museum of Buddhist Studies
National Taiwan University


Sacred Texts: Zen Buddhism


The SAT Daizōkyō Text Database - University of Tōkyō

Spokensanskrit.org Dictionary

Kotenseki Sogo Database - Japanese & Chinese Classics
Waseda University Library, Tōkyō



RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS & ORGANISATIONS:

Chikuyūsha

Komusō Kenkyūkai, Hosshin-ji, Tōkyō

Hōgaku Journal


SELECTED ASCETIC SHAKUHACHI STUDY CENTERS in JAPAN:

Kyōto Myōan-ji / Myōan Dōshūkai

Itchō-ken, Hakata, Kyūshū

Itchō-ken - in English


In JAPAN

Individual independent researchers, historians, authors & bloggers:

坂東太郎

Bandō Tarō's shakuhachi weblog

飯田峡嶺

Iida Kyorei c/o Koshū-an website

Iida Kyorei website, list of sources

Iida Kyorei weblog


柿崎鐘輔

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website - A comprehensive Edo Period chronology a.o.

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website - Index/menu of specially selected subjects 1-2

Kakizaki Shōhō's Rōnanushi Hikaechō website - Index/menu of specially selected subjects 3-4


貴志清一: 尺八吹奏研究会HP

Kishi Kiyokazu's Shakuhachi Performance Research Society HomePage


葛山幻海

Katurayama Genkai's (a.k.a. Genkai Katurayama) website


前川耕月

Maekawa Kōgetsu's weblog: Jinashi shakuhachi ni yoru koten honkyoku


牧原一路

Makihara Ichiro website: Kyūkō-ryū shakuhachi to komusō

Makihara Ichiro weblog: Heisei no komusō Ichiro no nikki
- on the de facto original non-existence of the Fuke-shū


Makihara Ichiro weblog: Heisei no komusō Ichiro no nikki
- on how and why the Kyōto Myōan-ji became a subtemple of the Kōkoku-ji in Yura


Makihara Ichiro weblog: Shakuhachi to Ikkyū-gatari no komusō Ichiro
- on the de facto original non-existence of the Fuke-shū


Makihara Ichiro on FaceBook


みそたねくん:孤舟庵

Misotanekun's Koshū-an website

Misotanekun's Koshū-an website: Shakuhachi books/readings in Japanese


Yuki Tanaka's blogspot including his shakuhachi hobby page


蝦名宇摩

Ebina Uma's Tsugaru Shamisen, Shakuhachi & anshin web page



山口籟盟

Yamaguchi Raimei's website

Yamaguchi Raimei on FaceBook


山戸朋盟

Yamato Hōmei's website

Yamato Hōmei
- on the actual, de facto creation of the Keichō no okitegaki document as late as in 1751?


Yamato Hōmei on FaceBook


矢頭治

Yatō Osamu Take no Kaze-in website

Yatō Osamu website - list of relevant book titles

Yatō Osamu's weblog - relevant books

Yatō Osamu's weblog - another relevant book


OUTSIDE of JAPAN


More and more Westerners are treating the subject of Suizen, Shakuhachi Zen, Fuke Shakuhachi and Komusō etc. in public writing - however only a quite small minority of them are actually experienced readers of the Japanese language, be that modern as well as classical - and, especially: kanbun ...

Carl Abbott

Oliver Aumann

Nancy Beckman

Martina Binnig

Mary Lu Brandwein

Christopher Yohmei Blasdel

Ray Brooks

Horacio Curti

Kiku Day

Dean Saicho Del Bene

Bruno Deschénes

David J. Duncavage

David Erath Jr.

Michael Chikuzen Gould's website

Michael Chikuzen Gould's blog

Christian Grobmeier

Philip Suimei Horan

Jon Kypros

Riley Kelly Lee

Monty H. Levenson

Gunnar Jinmei Linder

Elliott Long

Hans van Loon

Vladislav Matoušek

John Kaizan Neptune

Anders Nordin

Torsten Mukuteki Olafsson's Danish language website

Torsten Mukuteki Olafsson's English language website

Alcvin Ryuzen Ramos

Ono Razan

Stan Richardson

Daniel Paul Schnee

Ronnie Nyogetsu Reishin Seldin - memorial website

Norman Yūshin Stanfield

Patrick Urban

José Vargas

Perry Yung




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