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The Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History & Ideology in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark



About this Research Project

Highlighted Pictures

Quotations & Illustrations:
 •  India, China & Japan

To be - or not to be:
     a 'Zen Buddhist Priest'?

Errors & Misconceptions

The Source Collections

The Written Sources

The Early Komusō Texts

The Kyōto Sources

The Edo/Tōkyō Sources

The 1678 Komusō-ha Oboe

The Hottō Kokushi Legend

The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis

The Kaidō Honsoku Evidence

Isshi Bunshu's Letter to the
     komusō Sandō Mugetsu

The Hotoke-gotoba Evidence

Keichō no okitegaki

1823 Hitori mondō

 •  The West

Myōan Taizan-ha Thought

Myōan Taizan-ha Notation



Profile / Biography

Contact Info

The Early Komusō Texts - from c. 1640 to c. 1752

To be presented in rather more detail and commented further ...

The Old Capital: Kansai/Kyōto Area Related Texts:

          The New Capital: Kantō/Edo/Tōkyō Area Related Texts:

Datable texts:

Possibly created during the 1640s?:
Hotoke-goto(ba), "Buddha Words", or: "Buddhist Sayings".
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

          1646: Letter from the Rinzai Zen Abbot Isshi Bunshu/Monju (1608-1646)
          to a komusō named Sandō Mugetsu (no dates).
          The appellation Fuke-shū, 普化宗, is not at all mentioned in the letter.

1664: Music treatise about "strings & bamboo" by Nakamura Sōsan, Kyōto.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in the treatise.

          1677 (Empō 5, 6th month): Reihō-ji document of order rules
          with 17 paragraphs.
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned in these order rules.

          1678, January 11 (Empō 5, 12th month, 18th day): "Memorandum"                     with 3 paragraphs, apparently issued by the so called Jisha-bugyō, the
          shōgun's governmental Temples & Shrines Magistrates, addressed to
          Komusō shoha, 虚無僧諸派,
          "The Various Komusō Factions".
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned in this memorandum.

          1687: Reihō-ji 11 paragraph document: Document is signed
          Fuke Zen-shū sō-honji Reihō-ji. 普化禅宗 惣本寺 鈴法寺,
          "Reihō-ji, Mother Temple of The Entire Fuke Zen Sect".

1694: Myōan-ji document, the oldest reliable known.
Signed Komusō honji, 虚無僧本寺 京都虚霊山 明暗寺, Komusō
mother temple, Kyōto Kyorei-zan, Myōan-ji.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

1703 & 1705: Two formal documents regarding and confirming the Myōan-ji c/o Kōkoku-ji "mother-child" temple relationship.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

          1722: Reihō-ji ordinance.
          Fuke shūmon, 普化禅宗, is mentioned in the very first paragraph
          in the available reprint version.

          1731: Reihō-ji ordinance.
          Fuke shūmon is mentioned in the very first paragraph.

Probably created no later than 1735?:
Kyotaku denki, "Recorded Tradition of the Imitated Bell"
(in Kyotaku denki kokujikai, Kyōto, 1795).
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in the Kyotaku denki itself.

1735: Kyorei-zan engi narabi ni sankyorei-fu ben.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

1752 (not 1659!): A Myōan-ji document with 23 paragraphs.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

So far Undatable Text (as of March. 2017):
          As late as 1740? (acc. to Yamato Hōmei).
          Keichō no okitegaki (as late as 1740, or, in 1792?).
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

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