Shakuhachi



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The "Zen Shakuhachi" Reality Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History, Ideology & Practices in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark

 



Introduction

About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions


Wikipedia: Inaccuracies & Misunderstandings
     regarding Komusō, Fuke-shū, Suizen etc.


Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

To be - or not to be: a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?


1549 ... The Catholic Christian Century
     and the Temple Patron Household System


Fuke Zenji, Komosō, the Catholic Invasion,
     Rōnin Samurai, Komusō and Kyōto Myōan-ji
     - a Factual & Unbiased Chronology


Ascetic Shakuhachi Ideology
     and the Realization of The Non-Dual
     - Highlighted Quotations


A Select Chronology of Ascetic Shakuhachi
     Ideology-related Names, Terms & Concepts



Highlighted Illustrations


Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama:

 •  India

 •  China

 •  Japan

 •  The West


The Source Collections

The Written Sources


Research Cases of Special Significance:

c. 1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1494 & 1501: Two Unique Muromachi Period
     Poetry Contest Picture Scrolls


1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise


The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources


1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū Story Book


1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Document

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis


The Early Komusō-related Texts
     - from c. 1640 to c. 1752



1640s?: The Butsu-gen Komusō Document

1646: Abbot Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi/Kakushin Legend


The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

1664: The Shichiku shoshinshū Music Treatise


The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules


1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month Komusō-ha Oboe
     Bakufu Memorandum of January 11th, 1678



1680s?: The Kyotaku Denki Tale:
     Shinchi Kakushin, Kichiku & Kyōto Myōan-ji



1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules



c. 1685-1690: The Yōshū fu-shi
     & Jinrin kinmō zu-i Myōan-ji Evidence


1694: Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Rules for his Komusō Disciples


1703 & 1705: The Kyōto Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji & Myōshin-ji Interrelationship



1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month,
     Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum


1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month, Ichigetsu-ji
     & Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum



1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and Early Honkyoku History


1735: Kyōto Myōan-ji Temple Chief Admin
     Kandō Ichiyū's Essay about Sankyorei-fu,
     the "Three Non-Dual Spirit Music Pieces"



1751: The Keichō no okitegaki Fabrication
     The Many Existing Different Versions



1752: Myōan-ji Restorer Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Fixed Rules for the Komusō



1795: The Kyotaku denki kokujikai Source Book


1812 - A Literary Curiosity: "Two Komusō"
     - a Shakuhachi-inspired Story Book



1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki Book

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō: Hitori mondō a.o.

1830: The Kiyū shōran Encyclopedia

1871: The Abolition of the Komusō Fraternity
     and of the Practice of Religious Begging


1950: The Myōan Temple of the True Fuke Sect
     is Opened at Tōfuku-ji in Kyōto



Noteworthy Early Post-Edo Period
     Source Examples - Commented Links:

c. 1875?: The Komusō zakki Source Collection

1892: Suzuki Jisuke alias Higuchi Taizan's
     Shakuhachi shian Study Book


1894-1912: The Gunsho ruijū Source Collection

1896-1914: The Koji ruien Source Collection

1902: Mikami Sanji's Critical Essay
     About Fuke-shū-related Matters


1915: The Shakuhachi dokushū annai
     Self-study Book


1918/1975: Kurihara Kōta's Investigations
     Into Shakuhachi History


1931-32: The Tokugawa kinreikō
     Prohibition Law Collection



1936-39 & 1979: The Legacy of Pioneer
     Shakuhachi Historian Nakatsuka Chikuzen



1899/1910 ... Translations of Source Texts
     in Western Shakuhachi-related Publications
     including the Internet/WWW



Literature

Links

Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info


A Select Chronology of Ascetic Shakuhachi Ideology-related
     Names, Terms & Concepts

HINDUISM


c. 2600 BCE:

Yogic Seal from Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley, N. India

Square seal depicting a nude male deity with three faces,
seated in yogic position on a throne.
Harappan Bronze Age Culture, c. 2600-1900 BCE.
Dimensions: 2.65 x 2.7 cm, 0.83 to 0.86 thickness.
Excavated at Mohenjo-daro, present-day Punjab, Pakistan.
Now in the Islamabad Museum.
Source: https://www.harappa.com/indus/33.html




BRĀHMAN - "The highest Universal Principle", "The Ultimate Reality in the universe"
ब्राह्मण


ĀTMAN - "The Self", "The Soul"
आत्मन


ADVAITA - "Not Two", "Not Dual", "Non-Duality", "Non-Dividedness"
अद्वैत (Sanskrit)

Originally known as 'Puruşavāda' in Hindu philosophy.



Date: 8th to 6th CENTURY B.C.


AUM / OM


DHYĀNA - "Meditation", "Thinking"
ध्यान (Sanskrit) - झान (Pali)


BUDDHISM


BRĀHMAN - "The highest Universal Principle", "The Ultimate Reality in the universe"
ब्राह्मण


ĀTMAN - "The Essential Self"
आत्मन


ANĀTMAN - "The Not-Self"
अनात्मन् (Sanskrit)


5th Century BCE:


DHARMA - The "Law" in Buddhist thought
धर्म (Sanskrit) - धम्म (Pali)




CHINESE TAOISM, YIN-YANG PHILOSOPHY & CONFUCIANISM


6th Century BCE and on ...

TAO / DAO (4th tone - Japanese: DŌ)

The "Way", or: "Ultimate Reality" (?), in Chinese Taoist philosophy


"The Tao of Heaven operates mysteriously and secretly;
it has no fixed shape;
it follows no definite rules;
it is so great that you can never come to the end of it,
it is so deep that you can never fathom it."

     Quotation from the the 'Huai Nan Tzu' ('Huainanzi'), 2nd century BCE
     not later than 139 BCE.


"In Taoism Nature is taken to be infinitely wise, infinitely complex, and infinitely irrational. One must take a yielding stance and abandon all intellectual preconceptions. The goal is wu wei [無爲 / 無為 / 无为], doing nothing contrary to nature. Nature does not need to be perfected or improved. It is we who need to change; we need to come into accord.

Taoists rejected all dichotomies, even the most fundamental one of being versus non-being, for both come from the same source, the deep and the profound.
The goal of Taoism is to attain that which precedes duality. The only way to discover this original source is to observe nature. During peak experiences in nature, the deep meets the deep."

     Source: HummingBirdWorld.com



TZU-RAN / ZI-RAN (4th and 2nd tones - Japanese: SHIZEN)

Nature
自然


CH'I / QI (4th tone - Japanese: KI)

Breath; Air; Vital Vapour; Steam; Energy; Essence; Spirit; Mind; Soul; Intention; Heart
/


WU HSING / WU XING (3rd and 2nd tones - Japanese: GO-GYŌ)

The "Five Elements", the "Five Phases", the "Five Agents", the "Five Movements", the "Five Processes", the "Five Steps/Stages"
五行

  You may read more here: Wikipedia: "Wu xing"



YIN-YANG (1st and 2nd tones - Japanese: IN-YŌ / ON-MYŌ / ON-YŌ)
The Cosmic Dual Forces:
"Negative-Positive", "Female-Male", "Moon-Sun", "Dark-Bright" etc.
陰陽 / 阴阳


WU (2nd tone - Japanese: MU)
"No -", "Not -", "None" - a negating prefix - "Non-Existence", "Non-Being"
/


KONG / KUNG (1st tone - Japanese: KŪ)
Meaning in Taoist thought: "Emptiness", "Quiet"



TIEN TI / TIAN DI (1st and 4th tones - Japanese: TEN CHI)
"Heaven and Earth"
天地



2nd - 3rd CENTURIES CE:


ŚŪNYATĀ - "Non-Substantiality", "Non-Self", "Voidness"
शून्यता (Sanskrit)



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