About this Research Project
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The Chinese Ch'an Monk P'u-k'o, the Komosō Beggars
& the Imperialistic Catholic Christian Intruders
- the Rōnin Samurai, the Fuke-Komosō, the Komusō
& the Kyōto Myōan Temple - an Unbiased Narrative
The Amazing Fuke Zenji / Fuke Shakuhachi /
Fuke-shū Legend Fabrication Hoax
To be - or not to be: a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?
Preliminary Realizations & Conclusions
1549 ... The Catholic Christian Century in Japan
& the Temple Patron Household System
Ascetic Shakuhachi Ideology
and the Realization of The Non-Dual
- Highlighted Quotations
Chronology of Ascetic Shakuhachi
Ideology-related Terms, Concepts & Names
Various Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends
Wikipedia: Inaccuracies & Misunderstandings
regarding Komusō, Fuke-shū, Suizen etc.
The Source Collections
The Japanese Written Sources - An Overview
Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
A Chronological Panorama
• INDIA - 1 webpage
• CHINA - 2 webpages
• JAPAN - 8 webpages
• The WEST - 1 webpage
Research Cases of Particular Significance,
Real Importance & Special Concern
ERA of the KOMOSŌ - The "Mat Monks"
c. 1450 to c. 1550
1470s?: The Dance-kyōgen Play Rakuami
1474: Tōyō Eichō and Ikkyū Sōjun at the
Inauguration of the Rebuilt Daitoku Temple
1494 & 1501: Two Enchanting Muromachi Period
Poetry Contest Picture Scrolls
1512: The Taigenshō Court Music Treatise
ERA of the FUKE-SŌ / FUKE-KOMOSŌ
c. 1550 to c. 1640
The Komosō & Fuke-sō / Fuke-komosō Sources
1550-1560: The Setsuyō-shū Dictionaries
1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū Short Story Book:
The Fuke-komosō in Hachiō-ji, West of Edo City
1621-1625: The Neo-Confucian Scholar Hayashi Razan
on the Shakuhachi, Komosō and Related Matters
1623: Anrakuan Sakuden's Encounter
with a Wandering Fuke-sō
1628: The Kaidō honsoku Fuke-komosō Credo
1637-1640: The Shimabara Uprising on Kyūshū,
the National "Sects Inspection Bureau"
and the Final Extinction of All Catholic Believers
c. 1640?: The Kaidō honsoku "Version 2"
ERA of the KOMUSŌ
"Monks of the Non-Dual & None-ness"
c. 1640 to 1871
The Early Komusō-related Texts
- from c. 1640 to c. 1752
c. 1640?: The Strange Butsu-gen Komusō Document
1646: Abbot Isshi Bunshu's Letter to the
"Proto-Komusō" Sandō Mugetsu
1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi / Kakushin Legend:
"The Four Buddhist Laymen" & the "Disciple" Kichiku
1650s?: The Kaidō honsoku "Version 3" Copy
The Kyōto/Kansai Sources
1664: The Shichiku shoshinshū Music Treatise
c, 1665-1675?: The Kyotaku denki Fairy Tale:
Shinchi Kakushin, Kichiku & Kyōto Myōan-ji
The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources
1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules
1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month Komusō-ha Oboe
Bakufu Memorandum of January 11th, 1678
1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
Reihō-ji Komusō Set of Rules
c. 1685-1690: The Yōshū fu-shi
& Jinrin kinmō zu-i - Evidence of Myōan-ji
1694: Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu Ryōgen's
23 Rules for his Komusō Disciples
1703 & 1705: The Kyōto Myōan-ji
c/o Kōkoku-ji & Myōshin-ji Interrelationship
1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month,
Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum
1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month, Ichigetsu-ji
& Reihō-ji Komusō Memorandum
1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
and Early Honkyoku History
1735: Kyōto Myōan-ji Temple Chief Admin
Kandō Ichiyū's Letter about Sankyorei-fu,
the "Three Non-Dual Spirit Music Pieces"
1751: The Keichō 19/1614 Komusō Certificate
The Many Different All Fabricated Versions
1752: Kyōto Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu
Ryōgen's 23 Fixed Rules for the Komusō
1795: The Kyotaku denki kokujikai Source Book
1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki Book
1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō a.o.
Post-Edo & Post-WW2 Period History Sources & Matters
The Re-Writing & Re-Falsification
of Shakuhachi Narratives
1 - MEIJI PERIOD till the mid-19th CENTURY
1871? (1843-44): The Komusō zakki
From 1879 ... 1896-1914 & 1967-1971:
The Koji ruien Source Collection
2 - POST-WW2 till TODAY: JAPAN
1950: "The Myōan Temple of the True Fuke Sect"
Inauguration at Tōfuku Temple in SE Kyōto
1960: Uramoto Setchō's Essay about
Gyō no ongaku: "Music of Asceticism"
3 - POST-WW2 till TODAY: The WEST
1945 ... : Some Early Post-WW2 Shakuhachi Narratives
Written and Published in Western Languages
Translations of Shakuhachi Source Texts
published in the West / Outside of Japan
including the Internet / WWW
- The Translators
Literature / References
Profile / Bio / CV
1623: Anrakuan Sakuden's Encounter with a Wandering Fuke-sō
普化僧 - FUKE-SŌ
薦僧 - KOMOSŌ
醒睡笑 - SEISUISHŌ by Anrakuan Sakuden
"Laughs to Wake You Up"
"While, at one occasion, I had a conversation with an elder named Sawarō [?]
at the temple Yūfuku-ji in Bishū [mod. Aichi Pref.],
I heard a komosō who had arrived [and played] in the courtyard.
When Sawarō asked him to come up [and join us] on the veranda [where we
were sitting], he readily stepped on the veranda.
As, somehow or other, there was nothing [for him] to sit on,
Sawarō addressed him a second time, [this time] as "Fuke Monk" [Jap.: Fuke-sō].
After some time, finally he [the komosō] responded.
He unrolled his sitting mat."
Anrakuan Sakuden, 1554-1642, in 'Seisuishō', "Laughter
Which Disperses Sleep", 1623, maki 8. Trsl. by Torsten Olafsson, 2010.
Source: Ueno, 1984, pp. 206-207, and
The Komazawa University Library Text Database